About

FORCE is an all-in-one processing engine for medium-resolution Earth Observation image archives. FORCE uses the data cube concept to mass-generate Analysis Ready Data, and enables large area + time series applications. With FORCE, you can perform all essential tasks in a typical Earth Observation Analysis workflow, i.e. going from data to information.

FORCE natively supports the integrated processing and analysis of

  • Landsat 4/5 TM,
  • Landsat 7 ETM+,
  • Landsat 8 OLI and
  • Sentinel-2 A/B MSI.

Non-native data sources can also be processed, e.g. Sentinel-1 SAR data or environmental variables.

  • Integration of Landsat 4–8, and Sentinel-2 A/B as Virtual Constellation
  • Data management of Landsat and Sentinel-2 Level 1 data + Download of Sentinel-2 data
  • Near-realtime (NRT) processing capability
  • Generation of Analysis Ready Data (ARD): Data Cubes
    • Advanced cloud and cloud shadow detection.
    • Quality screening.
    • Integrated atmospheric and topographic correction: one algorithm for all sensors.
    • Adjacency effect correction.
    • BRDF correction.
    • Resolution merge of Sentinel-2 bands: 20m –> 10m.
    • Co-registration of Sentinel-2 images
    • Data cubing: reprojection / gridding.
  • Generation of highly Analysis Ready Data (hARD): Large area. Gap free. Easy to use. Ideal input for Machine Learners!
    • Best Available Pixel (BAP) composites.
    • Phenology Adaptive Composites (PAC).
    • Spectral Temporal Metrics (STM)
    • Time Series generation
    • Time series folding
    • Time series interpolation
    • Texture metrics
    • Landscape metrics
  • Generation of highly Analysis Ready Data plus (hARD+). Open in a GIS and analyze!
    • Land Surface Phenology (LSP)
    • Trend analysis
    • Change, Aftereffect, Trend (CAT) analysis
    • Machine Learning regression
    • Machine Learning classification
  • Detailed data mining of the Clear Sky Observation (CSO) availability
  • Data Fusion
    • Improving spatial resolution of coarse continuous fields: MODIS LSP –> medium resolution LSP.
    • Improving spatial resolution of lower resolution ARD using higher resolution ARD: 30m Landsat –> 10m using Sentinel-2 targets